Perth and Western Australia has a interesting history, once called the Swan Colony by the British, till that rename the state Western Australian, which has an area of 2.65 million square kilometres and a population of 2.65 million. The land area, western part of Australia and take about one third of the mainland area. The capital Perth, sits on the Swan River, meets the southwest coast. Sandy beaches line its suburbs, and the huge, riverside Kings Park and Botanic Garden on Mount Eliza offer sweeping views of the city. The Perth Cultural Centre houses the state ballet and opera companies, and occupies its own central precinct, including a theatre, library and the Art Gallery of Western Australia. About two million people live in Perth with Freemantle (regional centre close to Perth, similar to Geelong with Melbourne and Parramatta with Sydney), most of Western Australia?s population.
Western Australia is the mining capital of Australia. Together with oil and gas, produces 46 per cent of Australia’s exports in these commodities and is the largest iron ore producer in the world. Perth is the capital and services centre for Australia?s mining industry, also attracts its fair share of arts and sporting events. Western Australia is also home to the Margaret River wineries. Also, the Kimberley region is home to ancient Aboriginal rock art, the Bungle Bungle sandstone domes and Broome, with Cable Beach camels and Australia?s largest pearling industry.
Western Australia is predominately rural/non-urban outside of Perth and Freemantle, with those two centres having residential, commercial/industrial and special use properties.